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2020年中考英语备考练习(3)

来源:中华考试网收藏本页   【 】  [ 2019年9月30日 ]

  1.__________pity! I missed ________ one﹣hour speech by President Xi Jinping yesterday.

  A.What; an

  B.How; an

  C.What a; the

  D.How; the

  【解析】根据__________pity! I missed ________ one﹣hour speech by President Xi Jinping yesterday.可知这里what a pity是一个固定说法,这里speech表特指,用定冠词the.故选:C.

  2.﹣﹣Oh, dear! A power cut!

  ﹣﹣Sorry, I didn't know you _________the washing machine.

  A.used

  B.are using

  C.to use

  D.were using

  【解析】﹣﹣哦,天哪,停电了!﹣﹣抱歉,我不知道你正在用洗衣机.结合语境推测句意是"﹣﹣哦,天哪,停电了!﹣﹣抱歉,我不知道你正在用洗衣机.",判断设空处的动作在过去某个时间段内正在进行着,且动作在一段时间内持续进行,所以用过去进行时,过去进行时的构成是:主语+was/were+动词的现在分词.故选:D.

  3.﹣I can't find the magazine I bought this morning.

  ﹣Well,Jack is reading _____over there.Why not go and see if it is yours?

  A.it

  B.that

  C.one

  D.some

  【解析】答案:C.根据语境可知,"答者"不知道Jack读的是不是"问者"的杂志,故可排除A和B; one 可指同类不同物的一个东西,some可指一些东西与语境不符,故答案应为C

  4.Could you help me with housework _____you are free today?

  A.since

  B.though

  C.unless

  D.until

  【解析】根据设空处前的句意"你能帮我做家务吗?"和后面的"你今天有空"可以推测选项中的since可以把连个句子连起来,构成句子的句意是"既然你今天有空,你能帮我做家务吗?",表示"既然"用since;故选A

  5. If people ___________ the traffic rules,there w

  ill be fewer traffic jams and accidents.

  A.Will obey

  B.obey

  C.break

  D.will break

  【解析】根据选项的意思obey"遵守"、break"破坏",结合后半句的意思"交通堵塞和交通事故就会减少".可推知应该是遵守交通规则,故填入谓语动词obey的正确形式,根据该句为含有if引导的条件状语从句的复合句,主句为一般将来时态,从句为一般现在时态表将来,根据主语为people,故谓语动词填入obey的动词原形.故选:B.

  6.﹣We've got everything ready for the picnic.

  ﹣Do you mean I______bring anything with me?

  A.can't

  B.mustn't

  C.couldn't

  D.needn't

  【解析】答案:D.can't不可能;mustn't不可以;couldn't不可能;needn't不必.在请求语句里面couldn't比can't较委婉,can't表示推测时,意思是"不可能…",语气非常坚决的否定推测.根据We've got everything ready for the picnic,可知我们已经准备好了野餐的一切了,所以你不必带任何东西了.needn't不必.故选D.

  7.﹣﹣When will you fly to London?

  ﹣﹣Pardon?

  ﹣﹣I asked __________fly to London.

  A.whether you will

  B.whether you would

  C.when you will

  D.when you would

  【解析】宾语从句要用陈述语序,结合句意"我问你什么时候乘飞机去伦敦."可知,要用过去将来时,要用when引导宾语从句.故选:D.

  8.It's never too old to learn. Mr. Smith began to learn English in his _______.

  A.the ninetieth

  B.nineties

  C.ninetieth

  D.nintieth

  【解析】根据题干结合选项判断句意是"活到老学到老.史密斯先生九十岁时开始学习英语.",判断本题考查"在某人……岁左右时 "的表达,应该使用短语:in one's+表示整十的基数词的复数, ninety的复数形式是nineties.故选:B.

  9.﹣﹣Don't drop litter in the river.It will pollute the river.

  ﹣﹣_____________.

  A.It doesn't matter

  B.Sorry, I won't

  C.I'd love to

  D.You'd better not

  【解析】考查情境对话.A.It doesn't matter没关系;B.Sorry, I won't 对不起,我不会了. C.I'd love to我很乐意.D.You'd better not你最好不要.根据题干Don't drop litter in the river.It will pollute the river.可知应说对不起,我不会了.故选:B.

  10.The Twelve Feng Taste II is really a great ________.Many cooking﹣lovers wait to watch it every Saturday night.

  A.failure

  B.success

  C.award

  D.progress

  【解析】答案:B.考查名词.句意"十二道锋味二真的很成功,很多烹饪爱好者都在星期六晚上看它.".A失败.B成功.C奖品.D进步.结合语境"很多烹饪爱好者都在星期六晚上看它.",可知,应该是很成功.选B.

  11.﹣Have you ever heard of Cao Wenxuan,a writer from Jiangsu?

  ﹣Of course.______,he is a good friend of my father's.

  A.I mean

  B.That is to say

  C.Above all

  D.Believe it or not

  【解析】首先明确各选项中句子的意思,A:我的意思是;B:换句话说;C:最重要的是;D:信不信由你;根据前面一个人表达的意思是"你听说过曹文轩吗?一个来自江苏的作家."和答语中的"he is a good friend of my father's",确定设空处应该填"信不信由你". 故选D

  12.﹣﹣Julia said she sent you a birthday card yesterday.Have you got it?

  ﹣﹣Oh really! I haven't___________ my mailbox yet.

  A.examined

  B.reviewed

  C.tested

  D.checked

  【解析】A表示检查,主要指检查身体;B表示回顾;C表示测试;D表示检查,主要指检查某种情况.此处表示的是检查我的邮箱,用check.故选:D.

  13.The boy 1ooked through his paper again_________ that there's no mistake.

  A.make sure

  B.making sure

  C.to make sure

  D.makes sure

  【解析】根据The boy 1ooked through his paper again_________ that there's no mistake,可知句子使用to引导的不定式短语表目的.故选:C.

  14.﹣﹣﹣Volunteers from Lantian Saving Team have saved many travelers in the mountains.

  ﹣﹣﹣_______.

  A.How great a man

  B.How great men

  C.What a great man

  D.What great men

  【解析】根据Volunteers可知这里是一个名词复数形式,所以下面句子中出现的名词man应该相应的用复数形式,选项AC是单数形式,排除掉;再根据 great men,可知这里中心词是men,它是一个名词复数形式,great 在这里修饰men,根据What+形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语!故选D.

  15.I didn't accept his help______I wanted to try it myself.

  A.because

  B.though

  C.until

  D.unless

  【解析】答案:A;because因为;though虽然;until直到;unless除非;根据句中信息可知"I wanted to try it myself"是"I didn't accept his help"的原因,用because引导;故选A.

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