Many countries have adopted the principle of sustainable development, it can combatenvironment deterioration in air quality, water quality and production in developingcountries. Health education serves as a viable role for every member in the world.But some argue that it's a vague idea, some organizations may use it in its owninterests, whether environmental or economic is the nature of interests. Others arguethat sustainable development in developing countries overlook the local customs,habitude and people.
Whereas interdependence is desirable during times of peace, war necessitatescompetition and independence. Tariffs and importation limits strengthen a county'seconomic vitality while potentially weakening the economies of its enemies.Moreover, protectionism in the weapons industry is highly desirable during suchcircumstances because reliance on another state for armaments can be fatal.
For the most part, economists emphasize the negative effects of protectionism. Itreduces international trade and raises prices for consumers. In addition, domesticfirms that receive protection have less incentive to innovate. Although free trade putsuncompetitive firms out of business, the displaced workers and resources areultimately allocated to other areas of the economy
Imposing quotas is a method used to protect trade, since foreign companies cannotship more products regardless of how low they set their prices. Countries that hopeto help a new industry thrive locally often impose quotas on imported goods. Theybelieve that such restrictions allow entities in the new industry to develop their owncompetitive advantages and produce the products efficiently. Developing countries often use this argument to justify their restrictions on foreign goods.
Protectionism's purpose is usually to create jobs for domestic workers. Companiesthat operate in industries protected by quotas hire workers locally. Anotherdisadvantage of quotas is the reduction in the quality of products in the absence ofcompetition from foreign companies. Without compettion, local firms are less likely toinvest in innovation and improve their products and services. Domestic sellers don'thave an incentive to enhance efficiency and lower their prices, and under suchconditions, consumers eventually pay more for products and services they couldreceive from foreign competitors. As local companies lose competitiveness, theybecome pressured to outsource jobs. In the long run, increasing protectionism commonly leads to layoffs and economic slowdown.
贸易主义政策通常旨在创造本士就业岗位。受益于限额政策的业内公司通常只雇佣当地工人。限额消除了外国对手的竞争压力,致使国内产品的质量有所下降,这是限额政策的另一缺点。缺少竞争对手的刺激,本土企业往往不再大力投入创新,产品与服务质量也会大打折扣。国内商家既不注重提升生产效率、也不推出价格优惠措施,久而久之,消费者们宁愿花费更多钱财,去购买国外商家更胜一筹的产品与服务。 而本土企业- -旦丧失竞争力,就不得不外包产品和服务。从长远来看,保护主义盛行,通常会导致企业裁员,引起经济衰退。